The syllabi in the language sections of the European School are - with the exception of mother tongue - identical and the same standards of attainment are required of all. All programmes of study in the different sections lead to the same examination: the European Baccalaureate.

To ensure that the European Baccalaureate is recognised, syllabi are designed to meet at least the minimum requirements of all the member countries. Since these vary, the contents have been established by negotiation between national experts - more particularly by Committees of Inspectors - on the basis of careful scrutiny and comparison of national curricula.

Once formulated, the syllabuses are officially promulgated by the Board of Governors of the European Schools, which must approve any amendments.